Summer is started! Your Good health is very important to us. A change of season calls for new changes in routine and environment, a reinstated diet, and of course, a new execution schedule that suits the weather. The beginning of a heartfelt climate can make your body more susceptible to different types of diseases and definite health strategies must be followed to guarantee a healthy summer.
Here are a few tips to stay healthy this summer
1. Eat healthy and light, move right
Eat light, small, frequent meals. Heavy meals with large amounts of carbohydrates and fats give rise to a lot of heat in the body and cause dehydration. Dehydration occurs when you use or lose more fluid than you take in, and your body doesn’t have enough water and other fluids to carry out its normal functions. If you don’t replace lost fluids, you will get dehydrated. During summer, your body wants nutrients that are water and electrolyte-rich, and a diet that will keep your stamina levels stable. “Drinking more water, and eating refreshing vegetables and fruits help a lot in summer to keep the energy levels up.
You can add the following nutrients to your diet during the summer season.
Drink More Water
2. Avoid Alcohol and Caffeine
Alcohol, fizzy drinks, and coffee all can leave you dehydrated rapidly. If at all possible, try to reduce the amount of these favorite drinks, especially in hot weather. Plain or flavored water is a good substitute.
3. Drink plenty of water
Heat and sweat in the summer months can leave your body dehydrated, causing unwanted health outcomes such as fever and chills. Keep yourself well hydrated by drinking at least 2 to 3 liters of water every day.
4. Stay indoors
Restrict outdoor activities to the cooler parts of the day – early sunrises before 11. Am or late sunsets after 5.00 pm.
6. Avoid outside food
Roadside food can be unclean and may lead to food poison illnesses. Also in the summer heat if food is not stored properly it may get spoilt and cause stomach infection.
Are you and your family traveling in the summer? If you plan to travel within Pakistan then you must take a few precautions to keep you safe from the summer heat.
Here are a few tips:
1. Accessorize right
Wear light colors and natural fabrics like cotton and linen. When you are outside, use proper covering for your mouth, nose, and ears to shield yourself from the hot winds, which can cause dehydration. Use a hat or an umbrella for shade and wear sunglasses to protect your eyes.
2. Wear sunscreen
Apply a good waterproof sunscreen to all exposed parts of your body and reapply it every three to four hours to ensure that your skin remains protected.
3. Adopt an appropriate skincare routine
Summer can wreak havoc on your skin if proper care is not taken. Excessive oil and sweat can cause troublesome irritation, rashes, prickly heat, and exacerbation of acne. Wash your face often or use tissues to wipe a sweaty face to avoid acne. Use natural face packs with aloe Vera gel or sandalwood powder to soothe the skin.
Common Summer Diseases
Summer fetches in a cloud of health complications that range from simple ones like a headache, skin rashes, sunburns, etc. to severe ones like measles, jaundice, and more. You must take necessary preventive measures against summer diseases.
Here are a few tips:
Some of the indicators of sunburn exclude red or reddish skin, slight light-headedness, and exhaustion. To protect yourself from sunburn, apply a sunscreen lotion on the exposed areas of your body for 20 minutes before heading out in the sun.
Heatstroke is another common summer sickness, which if left unprocessed can be fatal. Some of the symptoms of heat strokes include difficulty in breathing, rapid pulse, high body temperature, confusion, etc. Avoid walking out on peak afternoons.
• Prickly heat
Prickly heat refers to red rashes that occur due to an excess of humidity and heat. Prickly heat may be caused by clogging of the sweat glands. You can relieve prickly heat by applying prickly heat powder on areas that show signs of prickly heat.
• Food poisoning
Owing to excessive heat in summer, the food can spoil quickly. To prevent the risk of food poisoning, the leftover food inside the refrigerator. Food must be well-cooked to ensure that it doesn’t get spoiled.
Because food gets spoilt rapidly, diarrhea is common in summer. Eating unclean food and unsafe drinking habits can lead to diarrhea. To keep away from diarrhea, make sure that you drink water only after boiling it and wash vegetables carefully before and after slicing them.
• Skin Rashes
During summers, skin rash is a common skin problem among children and adults. This classically happens when an individual sweats too much. Bathe often, change your outfits often and avoid wearing tight clothes.
Chickenpox creates one of the most common summer diseases. It starts in the form of fluid-filled, red, and small rashes attended by high fever. This is common in children and people with low protection and is highly infectious.
Measles is yet another common summer disease. The paramyxovirus which causes measles raises faster during the summers. Its initial symptoms are cough, high fever, sore throat, and reddening in the eyes. At a later stage, the tiny white spots and measles rash appear all over the body.
Jaundice is a common water-borne disease. It can be a result of Hepatitis A and is mainly caused due to the consumption of contaminated food and water. If not treated on time, this disease can affect the functionality of the liver leading to overproduction of bile.
Typhoid is passed through the oral-fecal route to healthy individuals. The contaminated food and water sources become the breeding ground for the bacteria. Visible symptoms of typhoid are weakness, loss of appetite, fatigue, pain in the abdomen, and high fever.
Of all summer diseases, mumps is another extremely contagious viral disease that affects children. It is contagious and gets transmitted when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Some of the visible symptoms include swollen leg salivary gland, muscle ache, fever, headache, loss of appetite, and weakness.