Heartburn: Symptoms & Home Remedies

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Heartburn | symptoms of heartburn | heartburn causes | heartburn during pregnancy | Risk factors of heartburn | Diagnose heartburn problem | heartburn remedy

What is heartburn and how its feel like?

A burning discomfort behind your breastbone in your chest is known as heartburn. After meals, in the evening, when lying down, or when leaning over, the discomfort is frequently worse. You can also get a sour or tartness in the back of your throat along with heartburn. From a few minutes to several hours, heartburn can last. You may have GERD if you have heartburn or more twice per week. But heartburn is not a requirement for GERD. Heartburn sensations may worsen right after eating or when you’re resting down.

heartburn symptoms

Symptoms of heartburn or GERD problem:

The middle of your chest feels as though it is burning or unpleasant when you have heartburn. You might also encounter:

  • A burning sensation in your chest that may persist for a short while or for a few hours.
  • When you lay down or bend over, your chest hurts.
  • The sensation of burning in your throat
  • A taste in the back of your mouth that is spicy, sour, acidic, or salty.
  • Having trouble swallowing.
  • A persistent cough or hiccups, a raspy voice, foul breath, bloating, or a sickly sensation
  • An unpleasant taste in your mouth
  • Vomiting

What are the reasons behind heartburn problem?

Heartburn develops when the esophagus, which transports food from your mouth to your stomach, becomes clogged with stomach acid. The lower esophageal sphincter (LES), a valve that joins the esophagus with the stomach, commonly has a defect that allows stomach acid to flow into the esophagus and cause a burning sensation. A blister can result from stomach acid flowing back into the esophagus when the LES is weak or is unable to constrict correctly. Several medical disorders, such as the following, might result in acid and give you GERD symptoms:

  • Pregnancy.
  • Abdominal hernia (when the stomach bulges up into the chest).
  • Disease of the gastro esophageal reflux (GERD).
  • Certain pharmaceuticals, including aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • You’re eating routine, including the foods you consume, the size of your meals, and how close to bedtime you eat, can also contribute to heartburn, as can several other lifestyle choices.
  • If you suffer from GERD, chances are that one or more of your family members get heartburn, too 
  • Alcohol use, especially in big doses, may cause the stomach to secrete more acid, which could result in more reflux into the esophagus.
  • Heartburn and GORD are more likely to occur if you smoke more or are around others who smoke more.
  • Fried Fatty & Oily Foods
  • Overweight & Obesity

What is the major reason of heartburn during pregnancy?

Pregnancy heartburn is a typical ailment. When the valve separating the stomach and esophagus is unable to stop stomach acid from flowing back into the esophagus, heartburn results. The valve relaxes during pregnancy as a result of the progesterone hormone, which may result in more heartburn episodes. As a result, the lining of the esophagus might get irritated by stomach acid.
Because the expanding uterus puts pressure on the intestines and the stomach, heartburn and indigestion are more prevalent during the third trimester. Additionally, the stomach’s pressure may force its contents back up into the esophagus.

Foods that can trigger heartburn problem:

  • carbonated drinks
  • chocolate
  • citrus fruits
  • tomatoes and tomato-based products
  • peppermint
  • fried foods
  • high fat foods
  • spicy foods
  • alcohol
  • Alcohol, carbonated beverages, coffee or other caffeinated beverages
  • Large or fatty meals

Other reasons:  eating a substantial meal, lying down immediately after eating, wearing tight clothes

Major risk factors of heartburn:

  • Alcohol weakens the esophageal valve, allowing food to reflux into the food pipe more easily. Additionally, it might make stomach acid output stronger. This increases the esophagus’ sensitivity to acid and causes heartburn.
  • Overweight Your abdomen experiences pressure if you are obese or overweight. It forces the food to reflux upward and into the esophagus. As a result, it causes heartburn. Maintaining the correct body weight is therefore always advantageous.
  • Eating habits a full stomach and going to bed right away might both be detrimental. The food pipe valve is firmly squeezed by your meal. It makes the likelihood that food will reflux even worse. So it’s best to avoid eating two hours before bed.
  • Oily & spicy foods Due to the high fat content, these foods often cause digestion to take longer. As a result, the stomach must hold onto food for longer. Pressure builds up in the stomach as a result. Food reflux weakens the esophageal valve as a result. Some foods increase the synthesis and discharge of stomach acid. These foods include tomatoes, black pepper, spicy dishes.
  • Smoking the esophageal valve is affected by the nicotine and other substances in cigarette smoke. Additionally, it restricts saliva secretion, the esophageal lining’s main line of defense. However, the bicarbonate content may be lower in smokers. Saliva contains bicarbonates, which are used to neutralize acids. Smoking also increases the production of stomach acid.

How to figure out the heartburn problem?

  • Endoscopy

Your mouth is used to implant a thin, flexible scope that is directed through the oesophagus, stomach, and upper duodenum, the first segment of the small intestine, before being removed. The test is most useful for identifying problems caused by excessive acid exposure. Constant heartburn and other symptoms may occur as a result of esophagitis and esophageal strictures.

  • Ph Probe Test

Your doctor will insert a tiny tube into your esophagus through your nose. Stomach acid in your esophagus is measured by a sensor at the tube’s tip.

  • Esophageal Manometry

Motility function is evaluated by a test called manometry. Your nose is used to insert a tiny tube, which is then used to guide it through your esophagus and into your stomach. As you swallow, sensors along the tube measure how well your muscles contract. Because you will be required to ingest little amounts of water, you won’t be put to sleep while having the test done. Manometer is primarily useful for diagnosing other motility problems including achalasia and esophageal spasm, even if it can also be used to diagnose GERD.

  • Barium Swallow

In order to conduct the test, a series of X-rays are taken while you consume barium, an opaque dye. On an X-ray, the barium appears darker than your bones and soft tissue.

Home remedies for heartburn or GERD problem

  • Before going to bed, eat a meal at least three to four hours in advance. This allows your stomach to empty and lowers the possibility of nighttime heartburn.
  • During meals, reducing the size of your portions can help reduce your risk of experiencing heartburn. Instead of three larger meals, you might want to try four or five smaller ones.
  • Sometimes belts and constrictive garments can give you heartburn. You might be able to avoid getting heartburn by switching up your outfit to avoid these products.
  • The lower esophageal sphincter might become weakened by nicotine (the valve that separates your stomach and esophagus). The strength of this valve and your general health both benefit from quitting smoking.
  • You risk causing heartburn if you exercise sooner. Additionally, you should hydrate yourself well before and after exercising. Dehydration is avoided and digestion is aided by water.
  • Sleep on your left side this might speed up the process of acid elimination from your stomach and esophagus and aid in digesting.
  • The consumption of some foods can cause heartburn. By avoiding them, you can benefit. Consider recording these foods in a log so that you can be on the lookout for them in the future.

Summary for heartburn:

A burning sensation in your chest is known as heartburn. The area behind your breastbone is a possibility. A sour feeling in your mouth or throat is another possibility. When food or stomach acid enters the esophagus, heartburn results. After eating, heartburn symptoms appear, and they get worse when you lie down. Most often, the symptoms are minor and treatable at home. You should use caution if your routine is affected by persistent heartburn. It could result in related symptoms. For instance, you can have chest pain, difficulty breathing, or swallowing. It might indicate some underlying diseases.

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