Personality Disorder And Its 5 Different types

A personality disorder is a mental health condition that involves disturbance pattern of thinking, behavior, mood and relating to others. These patterns cause a person significant distress or blemish their ability to function. In some cases, you may not realize that you have this kind of disorder because you feel that you thinking and behaving naturally. And you may blame others for the challenges you face. Personality disorders usually begin in the teenage years or early adulthood. The behavior patterns of personality disorders are typically recognized by adolescence, the beginning of adulthood or sometimes even childhood and often have a pervasive negative impact on the quality of life.

Reason of Personality Disorder:

Personality is the combination of thoughts, emotions and behaviors that makes you unique. It’s the way you view, understand and relate to the outside world. Personality forms during childhood, shaped through an interaction of your genes. Certain personality traits may be passed on to you by your parents through inherited genes. This trait is called your temperament and second is your environment. This involves the surroundings you grew up in, events that occurred, and relationships with family members and others. Personality disorders are thought to be caused by a combination of these genetic and environmental influences. Your genes may make you vulnerable to developing a personality disorder, and a life situation may trigger the actual development.

5 Different types of Personality Disorder:

  • Paranoid personality disorder

A paranoid personality disorder is a mental illness characterized by distrust and suspicion of others. People with this condition typically assume that other people are out to harm them, even though they lack evidence for these suspicions. Consequently, people with paranoid personality disorder are often guarded and suspicious. In extreme cases, this can lead to a break from reality.

Symptoms:

  1. Anger
  2. Argument
  3. Delusional Thinking
  4. Sensitivity
  5. Suspicion

·         Schizoid personality disorder

Schizoid personality disorder is a pattern of indifference to social relationships, with a limited range of emotional expression and experience. People with schizoid personality disorder rarely feel there is anything wrong with them. Most important, people with schizoid personality disorder are in touch with reality.

Symptoms:

  1. Does not enjoy close relationships
  2. Has trouble with self-expression
  3. Avoids social activities that involve significant contact with other people
  4. Almost always chooses solitary activities
  5. Indifferent to praise or criticism

·         Antisocial personality disorder

Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) describes an ingrained pattern of behavior in which individuals consistently disregard and violate the rights of others around them. Individuals with antisocial personality disorder may behave violently, recklessly, or impulsively, often with little regard for the wants and needs of others. People with antisocial personality disorder may seem charming on the surface, but they are likely to be irritable and aggressive as well as irresponsible. The symptoms of antisocial personality disorder can vary in severity, and consequences can include imprisonment, drug abuse, and alcoholism. 

·         Borderline personality disorder

Borderline personality disorder is a mental health condition in which a person has long-term patterns of unstable emotions. These inner experiences often result in impulsive actions and chaotic relationships with other people. The cause of borderline personality disorder is Genetic, family, and social factors. This personality disorder tends to occur more often in women and among hospitalized psychiatric patients. Persons with BPD are often uncertain about their identity. As a result, their interests and values can change rapidly.

Symptoms:

  1. Intense fear of being abandoned
  2. Cannot tolerate being alone
  3. Frequent feelings of emptiness and boredom
  4. Frequent displays of inappropriate anger
  5. Impulsiveness

·         Histrionic personality disorder

Histrionic personality disorder (HPD) is a mental health condition marked by intense, unstable emotions and a distorted self-image. The word “histrionic” means “dramatic or theatrical.” For people with histrionic personality disorder, their self-esteem depends on the approval of others and doesn’t come from a true feeling of self-worth. They have an overwhelming desire to be noticed and often behave dramatically or inappropriately to get attention. Histrionic personality disorder is relatively rare.

Symptoms:

  1. Feel underappreciated or depressed when they’re not the center of attention.
  2. Have rapidly shifting and shallow emotions.
  3. Be dramatic and extremely emotionally expressive, even to the point of embarrassing friends and family in public.
  4. Have a “larger than life” presence.
  5. Be persistently charming and flirtatious.
  6. Be overly concerned with their physical appearance.

Consult to the doctor:

If you have any signs or symptoms of a personality disorder, consult to your doctor or other health professional. Untreated, personality disorders can cause significant problems in your life that may get worse without treatment.

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