What is Schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a chronic disorder that affects the way a person thinks, acts, expresses emotions, perceives reality, and relates to others. In Schizophrenia challenges people interpret reality abnormally. It is a complex, long-term medical illness which can be the most chronic and disabling. People with schizophrenia are more likely to die younger than the general population, largely. This is because of high rates of co-occurring medical conditions, such as heart disease and diabetes. While there is no cure for schizophrenia, research is leading to innovative and safer treatments.
Early symptoms of Schizophrenia challenges
It can be difficult to diagnose Schizophrenia challenges: Its weird behavior and noticable risks in teens. This is because the first signs can include a change of friends, a drop in grades, sleep problems, and irritability—common and nonspecific adolescent behavior. Other factors include isolating oneself and withdrawing from others, an increase in unusual thoughts and suspicions, and a family history of psychosis. In young people who develop schizophrenia, this stage of the disorder is called the “prodromal” period.
Positive Symptoms of Schizophrenia
In this case, the word positive doesn’t mean good. It refers to added thoughts or actions that aren’t based in reality. They’re sometimes called psychotic symptoms and can include:
These include a person hearing voices, seeing things, or smelling things others can’t perceive. The hallucination is very real to the person experiencing it, and it may be very confusing for a loved one to witness. The voices in the hallucination can be critical or threatening. Voices may involve people that are known or unknown to the person hearing them.
These are false beliefs that don’t change even when the person who holds them is presented with new ideas or facts. People who have delusions often also have problems concentrating, confused thinking, or the sense that their thoughts are blocked.
In this condition, the person may stop speaking, and their body may be fixed in a single position for a very long time.
Disorganized Symptoms of Schizophrenia
These are positive symptoms that show that the person can’t think clearly or respond as expected. Examples include:
- Talking in sentences that don’t make sense or using nonsense words, making it difficult for the person to communicate or hold a conversation
- Shifting quickly from one thought to the next without obvious or logical connections between them
- Moving slowly
- Being unable to make decisions
- Writing excessively but without meaning
- Forgetting or losing things
- Repeating movements or gestures, like pacing or walking in circles
- Having problems making sense of everyday sights, sounds, and feelings
Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia
The word “negative” here doesn’t mean “bad.” It notes the absence of normal behaviors in people with schizophrenia. Negative symptoms of schizophrenia include:
- Lack of emotion or a limited range of emotions
- Withdrawal from family, friends, and social activities
- Less energy
- Speaking less
- Lack of motivation
- Loss of pleasure or interest in life
- Poor hygiene and grooming habits
Causes of Schizophrenia challenges
The exact cause of schizophrenia challenges isn’t known. But like cancer and diabetes, schizophrenia is a real mental illness with a biological basis. Studies shown a number of things that appear to make someone more likely to get this chronic mental illness, schizophrenia, including:
- Genetics (heredity): Schizophrenia can run in families, which means a greater likelihood to have schizophrenia may be passed on from parents to their children.
- Brain chemistry and circuits: People with schizophrenia may not be able to regulate brain chemicals called neurotransmitters that control certain pathways, or “circuits,” of nerve cells that affect thinking and behavior.
- Brain abnormality: Research has found abnormal brain structure in people with schizophrenia. But this doesn’t apply to all people with schizophrenia. It can affect people without the disease.
- Environment: Things like viral infections, exposure to toxins like marijuana, or highly stressful situations may trigger schizophrenia in people . Schizophrenia more often surfaces when the body is having hormonal and physical changes, like those that happen during the teen and young adult years.
Treatment of Schizophrenia difficulties
There is no cure for Schizophrenia challenges, but it can be treated and managed in several ways.
- Antipsychotic medications ,These drugs don’t cure schizophrenia but help relieve the most troubling symptoms
- Psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and assertive community treatment and supportive therapy
- Self-management strategies and education can also help us in having a good mental health
Related Conditions to this Mental Disorder
People with schizophrenia may have additional illnesses. These may include:
- Substance use disorders/ Dual Diagnosis
- Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Major depressive disorder
Successfully treating schizohprenia almost always improves these related illnesses. And successful treatment of substance misuse, PTSD or OCD usually improves the symptoms of schizophrenia.
- Schizophrenia causes psychosis and is associated with considerable disability. It may affect all areas of life including personal, family, social, educational, and occupational functioning.
- Stigma, discrimination, and violation of human rights of people with schizophrenia are common.
- More than two out of three people with psychosis in the world do not receive specialist mental health care.
- A range of effective care options for people with schizophrenia exist and at least one in three people with schizophrenia will be able to fully recover.