Did you hear the word Lactose Intolerance before? Do you know what are the symptoms of milk allergy? If not, you’re on the right place. Let’s talk about what it is and its symptoms.
The inability to digest lactose, the primary carbohydrate in dairy products, results in lactose intolerance, a digestive condition. It affects at least two-thirds of the adult population worldwide, making it exceedingly widespread. This disorder develops if your body doesn’t produce enough lactase enzyme, an enzyme necessary for the digestion of lactose. A dairy allergy is not the same as lactose intolerance. Asian Americans, African Americans, Mexican Americans, and Native Americans are the groups most likely to have dairy intolerance.
How long do Symptoms of Milk Allergy last?
Lactose intolerance can result in serious digestive issues if it is not treated properly. These signs and symptoms of dairy allergy could show up as soon as 30 to 60 minutes after eating. If you have milk intolerance, you can have symptoms shortly after consuming milk, milk products, or other lactose-containing foods.
The most typical signs are (1 Reliable Source):
- stomach pain
Other symptoms of milk allergy include a sudden urge to use the restroom, vomiting, lower abdominal pain, and constipation.
Stomach Pain: Sometimes an organ’s structural defect causes the digestive tract to not work properly.
Bloating: Bloating is a short-term illness that affects the gastrointestinal tract and causes abdominal bloating. An excessive buildup of gas, air, or liquid in the stomach is typically what causes bloating.
Gas: When someone has gas in their stomach, they are likely swallowing air when they eat or drink. The gas is typically released by burping, which also helps to reduce bloating and discomfort.
Lactose Intolerance Diarrhea: The majority of people get diarrhea a few times a year. You’ll have loose, watery stools if you have lactose intolerance diarrhea. Most of the time, there is no recognized cause, and it resolves on its own after a few days. Bacteria may be the cause of diarrhea. A hazardous side effect of diarrhea is dehydration.
Nausea: A generalized feeling of unease and discomfort known as nausea occasionally causes the urge to vomit. Although it is not unpleasant, it has been said to cause discomfort in the chest, belly, or back of the throat and can be a debilitating symptom if it persists.
Foods to stay away from if you have the symptoms of dairy intolerance:
Several different formats are used to list milk and milk products on product labels. If these ingredients make symptoms of milk allergy worse, stay away from them. Read the labels carefully before making a purchase.
What to look for in ingredients:
- powdered nonfat dry milk
- solids of dry milk
- by-products of milk
How do you develop the symptoms of dairy allergy :
Lactose malabsorption is the root cause of lactose intolerance. Your small intestine can’t break down all the lactose you consume if you have dairy allergy because it produces insufficient amounts of lactase, the enzyme that breaks down lactose. Your intestines absorb the lactose that wasn’t digested. Your colon’s bacteria break down lactose to produce fluid and gas. Some people get dairy allergy symptoms as a result of this additional fluid and gas. Lactose passes through your intestines undigested and creates digestive problems if there is not enough lactase.
- Lactase no persistence
- Congenital lactase deficiency
- Small intestine injuries
- Premature birth
Lactase no persistence: The lactase enzyme’s continuous activity as an adult is known as lactase persistence. Since lactase’s sole purpose is to break down lactose in milk, most animal species drastically diminish the enzyme’s activity after weaning.
Congenital Lactase Deficiency: A rare hereditary condition called congenital lactase deficiency exists. This condition causes lactase, an enzyme, to be lacking in infants. This enzyme serves a purpose. The body’s task is to break down lactose. Sugar called lactose can be present in milk and milk products. It serves as fuel for the body. Congenital lactase deficiency prevents lactose from being absorbed and digested by infants.
Small intestine injuries: Abdominal organs and/or blood vessels may be injured or ruptured by blunt or penetrating wounds. Blood may accumulate following a blunt injury in the liver’s internal structure or in the wall of a hollow organ (such as the small intestine).
Premature birth: A birth that occurs more than three weeks before the baby’s anticipated due date is considered preterm. In other terms, a preterm delivery is one that happens before the 37th week of pregnancy officially begins. Babies that are born prematurely, especially those who are very early, frequently have complex medical issues.
Different Types of Dairy Intolerance:
- Primary Lactose Intolerance:
Age-related reductions in lactase production are the root cause of primary lactose intolerance, which is the most prevalent kind. As a result, you gradually lose the capacity to absorb lactose (1Trusted Source, 3Trusted Source).Given that it occurs more frequently in some societies than others; this particular kind of milk intolerance may be partially genetic. According to studies, this illness affects 80–99% of people in Africa and Asia, roughly 50% of people in Latin America and the Middle East, and less than 10% of people in Northern Europe.
- Secondary Lactose Intolerance:
Secondary lactose intolerance is the temporary inability to tolerate lactose that results from an underlying illness or digestive system-damaging surgery. Your small intestine’s capacity to digest lactose is decreased as a result of this injury, which interferes with lactase enzyme activity.
- Congenital lactose intolerance:
Newborns have congenital lactose intolerance. Congenital lactose intolerance is a rare, inherited form of this ailment, and for an infant to be born with it, both parents must have the specific gene mutation that causes it.
- Developmental lactose intolerance:
Preterm children born at 28 to 73 weeks of pregnancy are at risk for developmental lactase insufficiency. Lactose intolerance manifests itself shortly after birth. Age, though, makes it better (due to the maturation of the small intestine).
What are the risk factors for lactose intolerance
- As you become older, your probability of getting milk intolerance increases because lactase synthesis declines. Dairy intolerance is uncommon in newborns and young children and typically manifests in late childhood or early adulthood.
- The lining of the small intestine is also impacted by radiation therapy for abdominal cancer or intestinal side effects from chemotherapy, which may cause lactose intolerance.
- The likelihood of developing lactose intolerance is significantly increased by ethnicity. Patients of Hispanic, American Indian, and patients of African or Asian origin are more likely to have the illness. These patient populations could have a genetic form of milk intolerance brought on by a change in a lactase-producing gene. This condition, known as hypolactasia, first manifests in childhood and is most prevalent among people of Asian origin.
- Preterm children born at 28 to 73 weeks of pregnancy are at risk for developmental lactase insufficiency. Dairy intolerance manifests itself shortly after birth. Age, though, makes it better (due to the maturation of the small intestine).
- Similar to lactose enzyme , bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine is a known medical disorder that causes many of the same symptoms of milk allergy. Patients with an excess of atypical bacteria in the small intestine may furthermore experience fatigue, constipation, and nausea in addition to the symptoms of lactose intolerance. Patients with severe illness forms may accidentally lose weight, and iron deficiency anemia may emerge.
How to test for lactose intolerance?
The most important way to diagnose the dairy allergy is the lactose intolerance tests.
- Breath Test
The hydrogen in your breath after consuming lactose is measured by this test. High hydrogen levels point to digestive troubles that may be brought on by dairy intolerance but may also be the result of other illnesses.
- Lactose Tolerance
After consuming lactose, this test measures your blood sugar levels. Your blood sugar levels won’t change if you have dairy intolerance symptoms since lactose can’t be broken down by your body.
- Genetic Analysis
This test looks for hereditary reasons of lactose intolerance; however it may give false negative results to persons who have secondary lactose intolerance.
- Stool Test
This test analyses the amount of acid in the faces, which has a lower pH in cases of lactose intolerance and is frequently performed on newborns and young children.
- Lactase Activity
This invasive, pricey procedure necessitates a biopsy of your small intestine’s jejunal brush boundary, yet it provides a conclusive evaluation of lactase activity.