What is trichotillomania anxiety disorder?
Trichotillomania anxiety disorder is another name for hair-pulling disorder. It is a psychiatric condition characterized by recurring, overwhelming cravings to take out hair from your scalp, brows, or other places of your body, despite your best efforts. They are aware that they have the ability to cause harm, yet they frequently lack the ability to control their emotions. When they are anxious, they may pluck out their hair to try to calm themselves. This disorder is classified as an obsessive-compulsive disorder. When it’s severe, it can have a huge impact on a person’s happiness, well-being, and general quality of life. Hair pulling is a sort of repetitive body-focused action. Body focused repetitive behaviors are self-grooming activities that develop into strong, unwelcome habits.
What are the signs of trichotillomania anxiety disorder?
- Pulling your hair out repeatedly, usually from your scalp, brows, or eyelashes, but occasionally from other body parts, and the sites can change over time.
- A variety of hair-related actions or rituals may accompany hair tugging. People might, for instance, look for a specific type of hair to pull or attempt to pull hair out in a particular way.
- Tension that builds up before pulling or when you attempt to avoid pulling
- After pulling the hair, a feeling of joy or satisfaction
- Hair pulling-related stress or issues with their social or professional lives
- Bare areas where hair has been removed
- Behaviors like looking at the hair’s roots, spinning it, grabbing it with the teeth, chewing it up, or eating it.
- Major discomfort or impairment in social, occupational, or other crucial areas of functioning are brought on by the disruption. Distress can be characterized by feelings of helplessness, humiliation, or shame, and impairment might result from avoiding social interactions like work or school or other public settings.
What are the major causes of hair pulling disorder?
Many people tug their hair without even realizing it. When individuals become aware that they are ripping out their hair, their anxiety and self-consciousness may increase. As a result, there is a vicious cycle of anxiety, hair pulling, momentary relief, and then anxiety, embarrassment, and hair pulling once more. Trichotillomania anxiety disorder likely originates from a confluence of genetic and environmental variables, like many other complicated illnesses.
TTM may result from specific Gene defects.
Altered brain structure:
People with TTM frequently experience changes to specific brain regions or variations in their brain chemistry.
Many TTM sufferers claim that their condition began after a trying period in their lives. Others claim that it began as a tiredness behavior that eventually turned into an addiction.
Many trichotillomania’s experience an itch, tingle, or urge to perform the behavior. They get a fleeting sense of relief by pulling their hair. This comfort serves as a reward to the brain. Dopamine and other enticing hormones are released by the brain. This connects pulling out hair and the reward. It leads to the habit of plucking off one’s hair.
What are those factors that increase the risk of Trichotillomania anxiety disorder?
- Trichotillomania may be inherited, and people who have a close relative with the condition are more likely to develop it themselves.
- Trichotillomania frequently persists throughout one’s life and typically begins just before or during the early adolescent years, most frequently between the ages of 10 and 15 years. Hair pulling in infants is also a possibility, although it’s typically moderate and resolves on its own without intervention.
- Hair pulling disorder patients may also struggle with other mental illnesses like anxiety, depression, or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
- Some people may experience trichotillomania as a result of extremely stressful circumstances or events.
What is the difference between obsessive-compulsive disorder and body-focused repetitive behavior?
Obsessive compulsive personality disorder (OCPD):
It is characterized by excessive, unreasonable cravings to perform particular behaviors as well as persistent, unwanted, intrusive thoughts (obsessions) (compulsions). Even though OCD sufferers may be aware that their actions and ideas are absurd, they frequently lack the control to change them. You might make an effort to suppress or dismiss your obsession behavior, but doing so simply makes you feel more upset and anxious. In the end, you get compelled to engage in obsessive behaviors in an effort to reduce your stress. Despite attempts to suppress or ignore unwanted thoughts or urges, they persist.
Body-focused repetitive behavior:
When a person persistently participates in body-focused behaviors including skin picking, cheek chewing, hair pulling, and related behaviors, the conduct is known as body-focused repetitive behavior (BFRB). Even if BFRB produces discomfort or harm, people find it challenging to cease. Due to self-image issues, people with BFRBs do not engage in the behaviors. The action is instead a habit that can feel forced or unconscious. The habit is typically used by a person to reduce stress and anxiety.
Is trichotillomania anxiety disorder a mental disorder?
When you have hair pulling disorder, you compel yourself to pull out your own hair. When it occurs during your adolescence, teen years, and adult years, it frequently has serious negative impacts on your mental health and wellbeing. TTM sufferers frequently experience anxiety, embarrassment, or shame as a result of their disease. Their social and professional lives may be impacted. Due to feelings of embarrassment or humiliation, many people with this illness choose not to seek therapy.
Does trichotillomania anxiety disorder spread like a disease?
No, trichotillomania isn’t contagious, and it can’t spread to others. It can only spread if you have this disorder in your genes.
How to overcome the body-focused repetitive behaviors?
Behavioral therapy and medicines, which are typically used in conjunction, are the two treatment modalities that have been scientifically investigated and proved to be successful.
In behavioral treatment, patients learn an organized approach for recording symptoms and related behaviors, how to become more conscious of pulling, how to replace undesirable actions, and other methods for breaking the “habit” of pulling. Numerous forms of therapy can support trichotillomania’s and even assist them in quitting hair pulling permanently.
Therapeutic acceptance and devotion:
You can practice tolerating the urges to pull your hair out without actually doing it.
Reversal of behavior:
Trichotillomania is frequently treated primarily with this. It will enable you to develop healthier behaviors in place of hair pulling, such as clenching your fists in response to urges to pull your hair.
This assists individuals in examining and altering the beliefs that cause hair pulling.
Group therapy and peer support:
People with TTM may benefit from specific types of group therapy or support.
Although it is obvious that some people benefit briefly from drugs, symptoms are likely to reappear if behavioral therapy isn’t included in the treatment plan. The effects of the person’s sadness and any obsessive-compulsive symptoms could be lessened with medication.