What is chronic kidney disease?
A progressive loss of kidney function is a feature of chronic kidney disease, commonly known as chronic kidney failure. Wastes and extra fluid are removed from your blood by your kidneys and then passed through your urine. Your body may accumulate hazardous amounts of fluid, electrolytes, and wastes if you have advanced chronic kidney disease. The kidneys regulate the salts and minerals in your body to keep it functioning properly. Additionally, your kidneys produce hormones that keep your bones healthy, regulate blood pressure, and produce red blood cells. Wastes can accumulate to high amounts in your blood and make you feel ill if renal disease progresses. Over time, renal disease frequently worsens and might result in kidney failure. You will require a kidney transplant if your kidneys fail.
What are the reason behind chronic kidney failure?
Diabetes is the main factor in renal failure. The second most common factor in renal failure is high blood pressure. Your kidneys are harmed over time by both diabetes and high blood pressure. Kidney disease and heart disease are related. You run the danger of getting the other if you have one. Kidney disease risk factors include age, particularly being over 50-60. Anatomical/structural abnormalities or hereditary diseases like polycystic kidney disease are the main causes of chronic kidney disease in children. Chronic kidney disease can be brought on by conditions that harm the tubule, the filters in the kidneys.
What are the symptoms of chronic kidney disease?
If kidney damage advances gradually, signs and symptoms of chronic renal disease appear over time. An accumulation of fluid, a buildup of body waste, or electrolyte issues can all be brought on by kidney failure. Loss of kidney function can lead to any of the following depending on its severity:
- A chest ache
- Arid skin
- Headaches, aching or numbness, and feeling exhausted
- Either more or less urination
- Reduced appetite
- Muscular pain
- Shortness of breath, nausea, and issues sleeping
- Difficulty concentrating
- Slim down
What distinguishes chronic kidney failure from acute kidney failure?
The blood is filtered by healthy kidneys to remove pollutants and extra fluid. They also aid in regulating calcium absorption, red blood cell production, and blood pressure. A person has renal failure when their kidneys are unable to carry out these tasks. Acute and chronic renal failure are two different conditions:
Acute Kidney Failure:
The abrupt onset of acute renal failure and its frequent reversibility. Accidents, injuries, illnesses, infections, shock, and drug or poison consumption are a few examples of causes. Damage to the kidneys causes them to stop generating urine. As poisons accumulate in the bloodstream, the patient becomes confused, unconscious, and hydrated to the point of dehydration. A particular diet, hydration restrictions, and temporary dialysis are prescribed to patients with acute renal failure until their kidneys have healed. Kidney function could improve with treatment.
Chronic Kidney Failure:
Occurs gradually and typically cannot be reversed. Dialysis is typically needed if the disease has advanced and kidney function is between 10% and 15%. While dialysis mimics some of what healthy kidneys do, it does not treat kidney disease.
What are the risk factors of chronic kidney disease?
Chronic renal disease can strike anyone at any age. However, kidney disease might occur in certain persons at a higher rate than others. Kidney illness may be more likely to affect you if you:
- Have high blood pressure with diabetes
- Have a history of renal failure in your family
- People who are older are more likely to have diabetes or high blood pressure.
Know about the different kidney conditions:
Kidney stones are hard crystals consisting of minerals and salts that develop inside your kidneys. They are also known as renal calculi, nephrolithiasis, or urolithiasis. Kidney stones can be caused by a variety of factors, including diet, excess body weight, and various medical conditions, specific supplements, and drugs. Any section of your urinary tract, from your kidneys to your bladder, might be impacted by kidney stones. When urine becomes concentrated, minerals can solidify and adhere to one another and frequently lead to stones. Although passing kidney stones can be extremely painful, if they are caught early enough, they typically don’t result in permanent harm. You might only need to take painkillers and drink a lot of water to clear a kidney stone, depending on your circumstances.
- Severe, stabbing pain below the ribcage on the side and back
- Pain that is intermittent and varies in severity
- When urinating, there may be pain or burning
- Radiating discomfort in the pelvis and lower abdomen
Cells in your kidneys alter and expand out of control to form kidney cancer. Along with other symptoms, kidney cancer patients may have abdominal pain, elevated blood pressure, and blood in the urination. The most prevalent age range for kidney cancer is between 60 and 70. The disease strikes men twice as frequently as it strikes women. One or more of these signs of kidney cancer may be present in you:
- Urine with blood in it
- An abdominal or side bump
- A decrease in appetite
- Side discomfort that won’t go away
- Unidentified reasons for weight loss
- Weeks-long fever that is not brought on by a cold or another ailment
- Extreme tiredness
- Swelling in the legs or ankles
Diabetic Kidney Disease:
Diabetes causes damage to the body’s tiny blood vessels. Your kidneys are unable to effectively clear your blood when the blood vessels within them are damaged. More water and salt will be retained by your body than is healthy, which may lead to weight gain and ankle swelling. Your urine might contain protein. Additionally, waste products will accumulate in your blood. Your body’s nerves may suffer harm as a result of diabetes. Bladder may find it difficult to empty as a result. Your full bladder can cause pressure that can back up and harm your kidneys. Additionally, if pee stays in your bladder for a long time, bacteria in the urine that has a high sugar content can quickly multiply, leading to an infection.
Urinary tract infection:
Any infection in the urinary system is referred to as a urinary tract infection (UTI). The kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra are components of the urinary system. Most infections affect the bladder and urethra, which are parts of the lower urinary system. Compared to men, women are more likely to get a UTI. An infection that only affects the bladder can be uncomfortable and painful. The most frequent cause of UTIs is bacteria, while fungi incredibly infrequently can also infect the urinary system.
- Urinating with discomfort or burning.
- A lot of urine.
- Having an empty bladder yet still needing to urinate.
- Pee with blood.
- Pressure or pain in the lower abdomen or groyne.
Renal polycystic disease
A genetic condition known as polycystic kidney disease results in an abundance of cysts small fluid-filled shells inside the kidneys. Renal failure may result from these cysts’ interference with kidney function. Individual kidney cysts are fairly common and nearly often harmless, it’s crucial to remember that. Kidney disease with polycystic kidneys is a distinct, dangerous condition.
- Elevated blood pressure
- Side or back ache
- Urine with blood in it.
- An abdominal sense of fullness
- Your abdomen has grown larger as a result of your enlarged kidneys.
Frequently Asked Questions
A blood test. The ability of your kidneys to filter waste, poisons, and excess fluid from the blood is measured by a blood test, which a clinician may also employ. The results of the blood tests will demonstrate how well and how rapidly the waste is being eliminated by your kidneys.
Dark leafy greens are the best foods for kidney health. Kale, spinach, chard, and collard greens are just a few examples of the dark leafy green vegetables that are abundant in calcium, vitamins A and C, and other vital elements.
Both broad itching and localized itching are possible in kidney disease. This kind of itching frequently affects the head, arms, back, and abdomen. Additionally, it often gets severe and persistent at night, which can make it difficult to sleep.
Waste products and fluid can build up in your body if your kidneys are damaged. This may result in ankle edoema, nausea, weakness, restless sleep, and shortness of breath. If the damage is not treated, it may worsen and eventually cause your kidneys to stop functioning. That is grave and might even be fatal.
Kidney discomfort frequently seems like a dull aching that worsens when touched lightly. Even though it is more typical to experience kidney discomfort on only one side of the body, some medical conditions can hurt both kidneys and both sides of your back.
Your kidneys are harmed by high blood pressure, and harmed kidneys are less effective at regulating your blood pressure. Your kidneys cannot eliminate additional water if you have renal failure. Drinking too much water can make you swell, increase your blood pressure, and strain your heart.
The primary causes of kidney failure include diabetes and high blood pressure.
Kidney disease may be prevented with a balanced diet low in processed meats, salt, and other items that harm the kidneys. Concentrate on consuming fresh foods that are naturally low in salt, such as whole grains, seafood, blueberries, cauliflower, and more.