What Is Hoarding Disorder And Know About Its Different Types


What is hoarding disorder?

Hoarding is the practice of gathering a lot of something and keeping it for oneself, frequently in a hidden location. Therefore, hoarding disorder is a mental health illness in which a person experiences a strong want to save numerous stuff, such as magazines, newspapers, and vintage clothing. A person who has a strong need to keep things may hoard. However, their association with these things may distress them. And the effects of hoarding may have an impact on their daily lives. In essence, they don’t want to take the chance of discarding something that might be useful. Dangerous clutter can result from hoarding disorders. Your disease may negatively impact your quality of life in a number of ways. Stress and embarrassment in social situations can result from it.

What are the major signs of hoarding disorder?

  • Unable to discard possessions.
  • Tremendous tension while attempting to dispose of goods.
  • Severe anxiety when trying to throw things out.
  • Persistent trouble getting rid of or parting with your possessions.
  • A lot of trouble classifying or organizing goods.
  • Uncertainty on what to save and where to store items.
  • A propensity for perfectionism, avoidance, procrastination, and issues with organization and planning.
  • Distrust of strangers handling property.
  • Conflict or altercation with neighbors who want to lessen or get rid of clutter in your home.
  • They believe an item will aid them in the future or in recalling a significant person or event.

What are the reason behind hoarding disorder?

Hoarding disorder can be a standalone condition or a symptom of another disorder. Obsessive compulsive disorder, attention deficit, and other mental illnesses are frequently linked to hoarding problem. After going through a painful life event, such as a loved one’s death, a divorce, being evicted, or losing their goods in a fire, some people have hoarding disorder.

  • Difficult emotions
  • Concern and striving for perfection.
  • Youthful experiences
  • Losses and trauma.
  • Family customs or history.

Is depression a factor in hoarding?

Depression is one of the many mental health problems that are linked to hoarding habits. You can cope by seeking treatment for your hoarding. You can be engaging in hoarding behaviors if you have sentimental attachments to things and find it difficult to let go of things.

Is hoarding disorder a kind of anxiety?

Anxiety disorders include hoarding. A person with this disorder finds it difficult to part with anything, including things that are useless. Newspaper clippings, outdated invoices, boxes, and even garbage could be among them. When trying to save something, a person with this disease will do everything.

Does the disorder of hoarding run in families?

Yes, those who have a family member with hoarding condition are more likely to get the disorder themselves. The origin of hoarding disorder is still a mystery. Hoarding problem most likely affects a particular person for a variety of reasons, including genetics and environmental factors.

How old does hoarding start?

Hoarding symptoms typically begin in infancy or adolescence (between 15 and 19 years of age), and they are chronic and progressive. Older age groups than younger ones experience hoarding more frequently.

Difference between saving and hoarding?

Savings accounts can be opened with a specific goal in mind, such a trip or schooling. Contrarily, holding cash serves only to increase one’s financial resources. The funds that have been set aside have no specific purpose in mind, and there are no intentions to use them at a later date.

Know about the different stages of hoarding disorder?


The simplest hoarding stage typically indicates that a person is not at risk of becoming a hoarder and does not need your intervention. If someone falls into this group, their house is still secure and hygienic but a little unorganized. The following circumstances will apply to the area:

  1. There are accessible windows, doors, and stairwells.
  2. Adequate ventilation.
  3. There are the proper number of pets present, and smoke and carbon monoxide detectors are installed.
  4. No offensive scents.

Declining Cleanliness, Potential Hoarder

Although it should raise suspicions, the presence of symptoms from the second stage of the hoarding scale does not always imply a hoarding diagnosis. The person will still have an erratic cleaning schedule at this point, but they are probably aware that the cleanliness of their home is declining. Someone that falls under this group may require expert cleaners to manage their environment, which will include the following:

  1. Clutter has blocked a crucial exit.
  2. Some areas of the house have pet fur and waste.
  3. Issues with some of the plumbing and electrical systems
  4. Rubbish pts overflowing
  5. Mold developing in several locations and dirty clothing and dishes

Extreme Disorganization

This stage marks the transition from a cluttered, disorganized environment to one that could be a hoarding environment. The environment will be visibly chaotic and overpowering, and the person’s behavior might be altering. Physical indications in the home include:

  1. Infestations with bed bugs, cockroaches, ants, and lice
  2. Key living spaces are obstructed by piles of stuff.
  3. Numerous faulty appliances
  4. Spills and cracks that have gone unfixed for days
  5. One room is not being used for what it was designed for (e.g. the bathroom used for storage)

Excessive Mess And Behavior

Hoarding disorder is thought to be quite likely in someone who exhibits stage 4 symptoms. To rehabilitate the dwelling, this will include: Housing agencies, protective services, geriatric services, and animal control may need to be notified.

  1. Structural problems with the house
  2. A surplus of animals and animal excrement
  3. The obstruction of stairs, rooms, and escapes by clutter
  4. Spoiled and outdated food
  5. Stenches and sewage point backup

Extreme Uncleanliness

The most severe hoarding condition is indicated by the highest stage on the scale. Due to the condition of their home, the impacted person can even be going through legal processes like divorce, guardianship, custody, or eviction. Intervention in the housing situation will be needed from a variety of experts as well as family and friends who can quickly identify:

  1. Low air flow
  2. Irreparable structural damage to the house
  3. Extreme interior clutter renders important living areas useless.
  4. Disconnected electrical & water services
  5. Widespread fungus and mold

Tips to handle the hoard person:

  • Use polite wording.
  • Don’t concentrate on a thorough cleanup
  • Consider what they desire.
  • Give gifts serious thought.
  • Let them know you are there without pressuring them to let you inside their personal space.
  • Add your loved one to calls to the police.

Related Terms:

What Is Somatic Symptoms Disorder(SSD) & Related Disorders?

Body Dysmorphic Disorder DSM-5; Causes & Signs

What Is Schizoaffective Disorder & Its Various Types Of Symptoms

Important Signs Of Mild Cognitive Impairment & Its Levels

What Is Hypochondriasis Disorder & How To Stop It?

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