How Mosquitos Zika Virus Affect During Pregnancy?


What is mosquitos zika virus?

Similar to dengue fever, yellow fever, and West Nile virus, zika is a mosquito-borne virus. Microcephaly, a birth condition linked to the illness, can harm children born to women who contract the virus while pregnant. Pregnant women and anyone who could become pregnant should be especially concerned about the virus. Mosquitos zika virus can result in miscarriages, stillbirths, or kids born with birth abnormalities in pregnant women. Microcephaly is one significant birth abnormality brought on by Zika. An infant with microcephaly may experience developmental delays because the brain and skull don’t develop normally. Mild fever, rash, and muscle soreness are common in some people. Rarely, issues with the nervous system or brain may be brought on by the Zika virus.

What are the main causes of zika virus?

The most common way for the Zika virus to infect a person is through the bite of an infected mosquito. Two aedes species mosquitoes, which can be found all over the world, are among the mosquitoes that are known to carry the virus. A mosquito becomes infected with the Zika virus when it bites a person who has the disease. The virus then enters the bloodstream of the person who is bitten by the infected mosquito and produces an infection.

Know about the major symptoms of mosquitos zika virus:

If Zika symptoms do appear, they are frequently barely noticeable. One or two weeks following a mosquito bite, people may have these issues. Most people totally recover after a week or so of symptoms. Mosquitos zika virus symptoms most frequently manifest as:

  • Rash of a mild fever
  • Especially in the hands or feet, joint discomfort
  • eye color
  • muscle ache
  • Headache
  • eye discomfort
  • fatigue or a general uneasy sensation, Continent pain

What are the health effects & risks of zika virus?

  • Mosquitos zika virus illness is often not life-threatening and seldom requires hospitalization.
  • Zika infection during pregnancy is linked to other pregnancy issues and can result in catastrophic birth abnormalities.
  • a rare neurological disease in which the body’s immune system harms the nerve cells, leading to muscle weakening and, in some cases, paralysis.
  • Rarely, Zika may result in a serious condition that damages the brain, causes swelling of the spinal cord or brain, or a blood issue that can cause bleeding, bruising, or slowly clotting blood.

What is the duration of symptoms?

Zika symptoms might last anywhere from a few days to a week and are often moderate. People rarely contract Zika and rarely become ill enough to need medical attention. Because of this, a lot of people might not be aware that they are infected. Zika’s symptoms are comparable to those of other viruses like dengue and chikungunya that are transmitted through mosquito bites.

What are the side effects of zika virus?

  • Microcephaly and other congenital deformities in the fetus, such as limb contractures, high muscle tone, eye abnormalities, and hearing loss, are caused by zika virus infection during pregnancy.
  • Congenital abnormalities after infection during pregnancy are yet unclear, and 5–15% of babies delivered to mothers who contracted the Zika virus during pregnancy show signs of problems connected to the virus. Congenital defects can develop after an infection, whether it is symptomatic or not. Preterm birth, stillbirth, and fetus death are additional issues that can arise from zika infection during pregnancy.
  • Decreased brain tissue and brain damage
  • Eye injury
  • Joint issues, such as restricted motion
  • Reduced mobility as a result of excessive muscle tone after birth

How to prevent from mosquitos zika virus?

  • Use an insect repellent bottle to avoid mosquito bites.
  • People are typically exposed to the zika virus through the bite of an infected mosquito.
  • Zika- and other virus-carrying mosquitoes bite both during the day and at night.
  • The easiest approach to avoid contracting Zika is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.
  • Everyone should take precautions to avoid mosquito bites, particularly women who are pregnant or nursing.
  • Even for pregnant and nursing women, repellents have been shown to be safe and effective when used as instructed.
  • Although they can bite at night, Zika-carrying mosquitoes are most active between dawn and sunset. If you’re sleeping outside, especially, think about using a mosquito bed net.
  • Put on long pants and a shirt with long sleeves. Additional defense is provided by clothing that has been treated with permethrin, an insect repellent.
  • Drain any buckets, flower pots, or other containers with standing water where mosquitoes can grow.

Should expectant mothers visit regions where there is a Zika risk?

Expectant women shouldn’t visit regions where there are Zika outbreaks. Pregnant women should speak with a doctor before travelling to other locations where Zika has recently or currently spread. Travelers who visit locations where there have been outbreaks or recent spread of the disease risk contracting the virus. Zika infection during pregnancy can result in serious brain abnormalities like microcephaly.

Know about the connection between zika and animals?

  • Mosquitos zika virus spreads to people primarily by the bite of an infected mosquito.
  • The only animals that we know can get sick from Zika are nonhuman primates (for example, apes and monkeys), which may have mild illness with fever when infected.
  • There have not been any reports of pets or other types of animals becoming sick with Zika.
  • Current studies suggest that other animals do not contribute to the spread of Zika.
  • There is no evidence that Zika spreads to people from direct contact with animals (for example, touching, licking, coughing, and sneezing).

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